“The hydration needs of children are not that different to those of adults. However, infants and children are more susceptible to dehydration than adults. it is important to remember that:
• Compared to children and adults, infants have a higher total body water content. In newborns the total body water content can be as much as 75% and this decreases to 50-60% by the time they reach adulthood.
• Infants and children need water not only to replace the losses via respiration, sweating and urine, but also for growth.
• Instances of diarrhoea and vomiting are frequent in infants and young children and both can lead to dehydration if water losses are not replaced .
• Infants cannot easily communicate their needs and active children can be so involved in what they are doing that they forget to drink, so it is important for those caring for them to be alert to the possibility of dehydration especially during hot weather or during periods of illness.
How to ensure proper hydration of infants and children:
During breastfeeding healthy infants can maintain adequate hydration status while exclusively breastfed without additional water, even in very hot weather.
Additional water intake may be needed from 0 to 6 months when an infant formula is used, or from 6 to 12 months when formula or other weaning food with higher energy and nutrient density is used.”
Please Click Here to read the full article by the European Hydration Institute and learn more.
Source: 1. efsa panel on dietetic products, nutrition, and allergies (nda); scientific opinion on dietary reference values for water. efsa Journal 2010; 8(3):1459. available online: http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/efsajournal/pub/1459.htm 2. manz f, Johner sa, wentz a, boeing h, remer t. water balance throughout the adult lifespan in a German population. br J nutr 2011; 1-9 [epub ahead of print]
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